Thesis Outline: Step-by-step Guide To Write Thesis Outline

Writing a thesis can be daunting, but starting a well-organised outline and a strong thesis statement is the first step to success.

This guide offers a step-by-step approach to developing a clear and effective thesis statement and structuring your research in a logical manner.

Whether you’re writing a master’s thesis or a doctoral dissertation, these foundational steps will help you articulate your ideas and lay the groundwork for a compelling piece of academic writing.

Step-by-Step Guide To Write A Thesis Statement

Thesis StatementBegin with a clear, concise statement. Example: “Digital marketing has transformed consumer behaviour.”
IntroductionOutline the importance and scope of your research. Include background information and the main research question.
Literature ReviewReview previous research on your topic, organised by themes or methodologies. Use proper citations for credibility. 
MethodologyDescribe your research methods, including how data was collected and analysed. Explain why these methods suit your study.
ResultsPresent your findings in an organised manner, by question, hypothesis, or study structure. Make sure they are clear and concise.
DiscussionDiscuss the implications of your results, their relevance to existing knowledge, and how they support your thesis statement. Compare findings with prior studies.
ConclusionRecap the main findings and restate your thesis, emphasizing the importance of your research and suggesting areas for future study.

Creating A Thesis Statement

The very first step in writing a PhD thesis is to create and define your thesis statement.

A thesis statement clearly expresses the main idea of a paper and outlines the writer’s stance or argument in one sentence.

Thesis Outline

Creating a thesis statement for a PhD thesis demands a methodical approach that begins with a solid understanding of your research topic. Then, you decide on a concise declaration of your research aims and objectives.

As you start writing your thesis, remember that your thesis statement is more than just a sentence; it’s the blueprint for your dissertation and guides every chapter you write.

When you start to draft your thesis statement, think about the core message of your research. What are you trying to prove?

If your research is on preventive measures for youth gang involvement, your thesis statement could be: “Effective family support and educational programs are essential in preventing youth gang involvement.”

This statement not only outlines the scope of your research but also introduces the key hypothesis you intend to explore.

Next, take your initial statement and refine it as needed throughout the course of your writing.

You may find new information that either supports or contradicts your initial hypothesis, requiring you to revise your thesis statement.

This flexibility is crucial; a preliminary thesis statement can evolve, highlighting your adaptability and growth as a scholar.

Remember, the thesis outline helps you not just to list all your arguments and subtopics in a logical order but also to ensure that every paragraph drives home how your findings contribute to the field.

Create A Thesis Outline For Your Research

Now that you have a thesis statement, now is the time to plan, and map out your thesis outline. Organising your thesis starts with planning what to write about in each chapters:

Thesis Statement

Start strong with a clear and precise thesis statement. For instance, if your research is on the impact of digital marketing on consumer behaviour, your thesis statement might be:

“Digital marketing has transformed consumer behaviour by personalising customer interactions and enabling continuous consumer engagement.”


Introduce the scope and importance of your research. This section should hook your readers, providing a compelling reason to delve into your study.

The introduction sets the stage, so include some background information and the research question your thesis aims to answer.

Literature Review

This is where you summarise and analyse previous research related to your topic. This may be a section where many dread doing, since you need to do a lot of reading. But, if you are smart about it, you can use AI tools to help:

Organise this section by themes or methodologies to provide a comprehensive overview of what has been done and where your research fits in.

Here, citations are vital; they lend credibility and a scholarly touch to your work. Make sure you get your citations done properly, using the right format.


Detail the methods you used to conduct your research. This part not only involves the technical aspects, such as data collection and analysis but also justifies why these methods are appropriate for your study.

You must distinguish your approaches clearly, showing their relevance to addressing your research question.


In this section, think about how you want to present what you discovered during your research. Organise your findings logically, possibly by: 

  • question,
  • hypothesis, or
  • the structure of your study. 

Each major finding can be a subtopic under this chapter. The key is to deliver the findings in a way that is easily understood.


Analyse your results here. Discuss what each specific findings mean in the broader context of your field, their implications, and how they relate to existing knowledge. 

Thesis Outline

You can also compare that you found with similar studies you mentioned in your literature review. Mention if the results are similar or contrasting.

Connect these insights back to your thesis statement, reinforcing how your research contributes new understanding or evidence.


Summarise the key points of your research and restate your thesis in light of the evidence provided. This section should not only wrap up your thesis but also point out its significance and potential for future research.

Best Practices When Creating Thesis, Chapter Outlines

Creating a thesis outline is a strategic step in academic writing that structures your extensive research into a coherent, logical flow. Here are four best practices to guide you through the process:

1. Start with a Clear Thesis Statement: You must craft a precise thesis statement that clearly states your claims. This will serve as the anchor for your entire research paper. 

2. Organise Major Topics with Roman Numerals: Use Roman numerals to outline each major chapter, ensuring you cover all necessary sections of your thesis. This helps maintain a structured approach.

For instance, I could be the introduction, II the literature review, III the methodology, followed by the results and discussion.

3. List Arguments and Subtopics Logically: Within each chapter outline, list all the major topics and subtopics in a logical order. This ensures that every part of the chapter supports the main ideas effectively and maintains continuity. 

4. Regularly Revise Your Outline: As you write, be flexible and revise your outline as needed. This practice helps you refine your arguments and integrate new information, ensuring your thesis remains relevant and robust.

By following these best practices, you’ll create an outline that not only simplifies writing your thesis but also enhances the clarity and impact of your final document. This methodical preparation pays dividends, paving the way for a well-organised, compelling thesis.

Organise Your Thesis Chapters

Crafting a thesis outline is essential for organising your research and articulating a clear thesis statement. By following a step-by-step guide, you ensure that your work is structured logically from the introduction to the conclusion.

This method not only simplifies the writing process but also strengthens your argument, making your thesis both compelling and academically rigorous.

Remember, a well-planned outline is your roadmap to a successful thesis that effectively communicates your research findings.

The Author

Dr Andrew Stapleton has a Masters and PhD in Chemistry from the UK and Australia. He has many years of research experience and has worked as a Postdoctoral Fellow and Associate at a number of Universities. Although having secured funding for his own research, he left academia to help others with his YouTube channel all about the inner workings of academia and how to make it work for you.