What Is Graduate School vs College? Undergraduate and Graduate

Choosing between continuing to graduate school or stepping into the professional world after undergrad can be difficult. Is it necessary? And how different is college from graduates school?

This article delves into the critical differences between undergraduate and graduate studies, examining coursework intensity, research opportunities, and career trajectories.

Whether you’re an aspiring academic or a future industry leader, understanding these distinctions will illuminate the path that best aligns with your personal and professional goals. Join us as we explore the nuances of undergrad vs grad school.

Graduate School vs Undergraduate College

FocusWide range of subjects.Deep dive into a specific topic.
Class Sizes & Teaching StylesLarge lectures, some small tutorials.Small, interactive seminars.
Admission RequirementsHigh school grades and tests.Bachelor’s degree, higher GPA, letters of recommendation, and relevant experience.
Coursework & ResearchLearning existing knowledge through projects.Creating new knowledge through original research.
ObjectivesPrepares for entry-level jobs and broad knowledge.Needed for specialized fields and academia, advances career.

What Is An Undergraduate College?

Undergraduate colleges are stepping stones to advanced degrees and specialised careers. Here, you dive deep into your chosen field of study, moving beyond general education courses to more focused coursework.

Getting into an undergraduate program usually involves meeting specific admission requirements like a minimum GPA and submitting certain documents, such as:

  • letters of recommendation
  • high school diploma, and 
  • statement of purpose.

For international students, these requirements can be more stringent, often including proof of language proficiency and health checks.

In most cases, after several years of study, you graduate with either a Diploma, or a Bachelor’s Degree in your field of choice. After that you may consider entering the industry your qualification is related to, or continue with graduate school. 

what is graduate school vs college

What Is Graduate School?

Graduate school is your next big leap after earning an undergraduate degree, focusing on advanced study in a specific field.

Unlike undergraduate education, which offers a broad overview, grad school dives deep. You’re not just a student; you become a scholar, especially in doctoral programs where your research could redefine understanding in your field.

Getting into grad school involves more than showcasing a strong GPA. Admission committees usually look for:

  • clear research interests,
  • professional work experience, and a
  • well-articulated statement of purpose.

This isn’t just about what you want to study; it’s about why you want to study it and how you plan to contribute to the field.

Letters of recommendation carry significant weight. These should come from mentors who know your academic and research capabilities intimately. They provide insight into your potential as a grad student that grades alone can’t convey.

Differences Between Undergraduate and Graduate School

There are quite a bit of differences between graduate and undergraduate studies. This is because they are each tailored to specific phases of a student’s educational journey.


In undergraduate programs, the focus is on providing a broad educational foundation across various disciplines.

You’re introduced to a wide range of subjects to help you build a well-rounded academic perspective. These usually includes:

  • humanities,
  • philosophy, to
  • sciences.

Conversely, graduate programs home in on specialised areas of study. A graduate student in a master’s degree, or a doctorate degree program might dedicate years to researching a niche topic within their field, contributing new insights and knowledge.

Class Sizes And Teaching Styles

Class sizes and teaching styles also diverge significantly. Undergrad classes can be large, often delivered through lectures where interaction is limited. There may be tutorial sessions later, in smaller classes, but not all the time. 

In contrast, graduate classes are typically smaller, fostering a seminar-style environment that promotes in-depth discussions and close interactions with professors.

This intimate setting is conducive to advanced learning and mentorship, crucial for navigating complex topics.

Admission Requirements

Admission criteria further highlight these differences. Undergraduate admissions might focus on high school performance and standardised test scores.

Graduate school admissions, however, demand a more comprehensive portfolio. Common admission requirements for graduate school may include: 

  • a completed bachelor’s degree,
  • a higher GPA, and
  • specific prerequisites related to the graduate program.

Additionally, grad school applicants are often required to submit a:

  • statement of purpose,
  • letters of recommendation, and
  • evidence of research or work experience in their field.

This additional requirements shows the competitive and rigorous nature of graduate studies.

Coursework vs. Research Experience

The role of research evolves profoundly from undergraduate to graduate studies.

While undergraduates in degree programs may engage in research projects, these work are more towards learning existing knowledge.

You may even consider these researches as coursework instead.

Graduate students are expected to produce original research that contributes to their field, particularly in Ph.D programs.

what is graduate school vs college

This shift underscores the transition from learning existing knowledge to creating new knowledge.


The objectives of pursuing undergraduate versus graduate degrees differ. An undergraduate degree opens the door to entry-level careers and provides a broad academic foundation.

A graduate degree, especially at the master’s or doctoral level, is essential for those aspiring to specialised professions or academia. Graduate degrees offer the skills and credentials needed to advance in these fields.

These five differences between undergraduate and graduate studies illustrate the progression from a broad educational base to specialised, in-depth knowledge and research, marking distinct phases in a student’s academic and professional development.

Do You Need To Go To Grad School?

Deciding whether to attend graduate school programs is a significant choice that hinges on your career goals and field of study. For some professions, a graduate degree is a non-negotiable requirement. Think of fields like:

  • medicine,
  • law, or
  • academia,

In these fields, advanced study is essential. Here, a graduate or doctoral degree not only provides specialised knowledge but also serves as a crucial credential for entry-level positions.

In contrast, real-world experience might weigh more heavily than a graduate diploma for many roles in fields like:

  • business,
  • technology, or
  • the arts.

In these sectors, climbing the career ladder often depends on work achievements and skills honed on the job rather than in a classroom.

To pursue a graduate degree is a substantial commitment, both in time and money. Before applying, consider if your desired career path requires this level of education.

Research the norms in your field and talk to professionals already working in your target area. They can offer insights on whether a graduate degree will truly set you apart.

Remember, grad school is not just about attending classes. It’s an immersive experience involving research, internships, and networking, all aimed at advancing your expertise and career prospects. Weigh these factors carefully to decide if this journey aligns with your professional aspirations.

Do People With Advanced Degrees From A Graduate Program Make More Money?

Earning an advanced degree from a graduate program often translates to higher earning potential. The difference between undergraduate and graduate salaries is noticeable in many fields.

Individuals with a master’s degree in engineering or business administration frequently secure positions with significantly higher starting salaries compared to their counterparts with only an undergraduate degree.

This trend extends to doctoral and professional degrees as well. In fact, an advanced degree is not just a boost to one’s income; it’s often a prerequisite for practice or employment in fields such as:

  • medicine,
  • law, and
  • academia.

The investment in grad school, from admission to completing the rigorous coursework, pays off in the long term. Grad students delve into specialised research, gaining expertise that sets them apart in the job market.

This expertise, honed through graduate-level courses and research experience, empowers graduates to take on roles that demand a high level of knowledge and skill, often leading to positions with greater responsibility and, consequently, higher pay.

However, the financial benefits can vary greatly depending on the field of study and the job market. While some sectors like technology and finance highly value graduate education, others may offer more modest increases in salary.

It’s essential for prospective grad students to weigh the costs of graduate school against the potential salary benefits in their chosen field.

Undergrad vs Grad School

The journey from undergraduate to graduate studies marks a significant transition from broad-based learning to specialised research and expertise. Whether you’re expanding your knowledge base or aiming for a niche career, understanding these differences is crucial.

Each path offers unique challenges and rewards, tailored to align with your academic and professional goals. As you consider your next steps, reflect on how each level of education can serve as a stepping stone to your future aspirations.

The Author

Dr Andrew Stapleton has a Masters and PhD in Chemistry from the UK and Australia. He has many years of research experience and has worked as a Postdoctoral Fellow and Associate at a number of Universities. Although having secured funding for his own research, he left academia to help others with his YouTube channel all about the inner workings of academia and how to make it work for you.